March 23, 2018
9:00 AM - 5:30 PM
University of Virginia Grounds
Since the 2016 American presidential election, a great deal of both public and academic energy has been channeled into direct and individual resistance against the new administration: protest marches, demonstrations, social media campaigns. The main question on the minds of many has been what private individuals can and should do, alone or in concert with one another, to oppose what they fear is the agenda of a potentially unconstitutional government. Such individualized, self-expressive resistance is visible and provocative; it is designed to be.
But these forms of resistance, however attention-getting, can lead us to overlook other and sometimes more effective methods of opposition from within institutions. Instead of looking at external and visible campaigns of resistance, we are interested in the activities of resistance that come from inside of governments and from other elites and establishments. The locus here is not just modern America and liberal democracy, but the entire historical practice of resistance from the inside, from subversive personal advisors, courts and ministers, and competing constitutional bodies like parliaments, to branches and powers expressly designed to serve as checks on ambitious executives. In contrast to contemporary mass protest, such institutional resistance will often go unnoticed by the public. In some political systems, it actually must remain hidden in order to be effective, as when courtiers try to manipulate their sovereigns. Nonetheless, these activities undertaken by institutional and constitutional actors have often had far more profound political consequences for states than the most visible public activities of citizens, and, in instances like the Glorious Revolution, they have led to wholesale regime change.
The Program on Constitutional Democracy in the Politics Department, in conjunction with faculty in the History Department and the Law School, will host a multi-disciplinary, day-long conference to recover and examine some of these inside and more institutional strategies of resistance against central governments and executives. We are interested in resistance that begin from institutional actors rather than private citizens or subjects, and that utilizes existing governmental and constitutional mechanisms of political action rather than superseding them in either nonviolent or violent ways. Drawing on scholarship from history, politics, and law, we will look at new work illuminating the ways that parts of the “establishment” have historically been and can continue to be "anti-establishment” in opposition to perceived constitutional threats. The format of the conference will include paper presentations followed by comments from our faculty.
9:00 - 11:00 am: Managing Monarchs (Gibson Room, Cocke Hall)
"Tyranny and Resistance in Hellenistic Greece" (Nicholas Lindberg, UVA)
"Machiavellian Advice to Princes (and Citizens)" (Erica Benner, Yale)
"The Irish Revolution of 1782 and the American Revolution" (Steve Pincus, Yale)
Discussant: Ted Lendon, UVA Department of History
11:00 – 11:30: Break
11:30 – 1:30: Republican Resistance (Gibson Room, Cocke Hall)
"A Voice of Moderation in the Age of Revolutions: Jacques Necker’s Reflections on Executive Power in Large States" (Aurelian Craiutu, Indiana)
"Parliament as a Substitute for Revolutionary Dissent" (Will Selinger, Harvard)
"Organizational Extravagance and Resistance to a Dominant Party System in the 1880s and 90s" (Daniel Klinghard, Holy Cross)
Discussant: Rita Koganzon, UVA Department of Politics
1:30 – 3:30: Lunch
3:30 – 5:30: US Constitutional Levers of Resistance (Nau Hall 342)
"State Public Law Litigation in an Age of Polarization" (Ernest Young, Duke Law)
"The Wedding Vendor Cases" (Douglas Laycock, UVA Law)
"Serving Two (or More) Masters: Civil Service and Bureaucratic Resistance in our Administrative State" (Adam White, Hoover Institution)
Discussant: Connor Ewing, UVA Department of Politics